Throat Surgery

 

Tonsillectomy

This surgery involves removal of lymphatic tissue from the throat on both sides called the palatine tonsils. Patients, usually children with repeated throat infections along with tonsillar enlargement are adviced to undergo tonsillectomy.They usually have symptoms such as throat pain, foul smell from mouth, fever, difficulty in swallowing.

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Adenoidectomy

This surgery involves removal of the lymph atic tissue from behind the nose called the adenoids. This is commonly done in children who develop enlargement of adenoid tissue secondary to repeated infections. Children present with complaints of nasal blockage, nasal discharge, mouth breathing, difficulty in concentrating in studies etc.

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Neck Mass Biopsy

This procedure involved removal of some or all tissue from the swelling in the neck, usually a lymph node and determining the nature of swelling. Certain infections like tuberculosis and certain cancers can lead to swelling in the lymphatic tissue in the neck. These require excision and examination of the specimen.

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Thyroidectomy

The surgery is performed under local or general anaesthesia. A neck incision is made along the neck crease and the thyroid gland is removed. A drain is placed after the surgery in the neck to drain out the excess fluids and blood. The patient is expected to stay in hospital for two to three days. The suture are removed after 7 days.

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Parotidectomy

This surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. A cut is made in front of the ear on the side of surgery and the gland is removed either partially or totally depending on the case. Patients may develop weakness of face on the side of surgery which will recover over a period of time.

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Submandibular Gland Excision

This surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. A cut is made in the submandibular area and the gland is removed. Patient may require drain after surgery which will remain for two to three days.The specimen is usually sent for histopathological examination and the reports are compared with preoperative tests.

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Direct laryngoscopy with/without Biopsy

This procedure involves examination of the throat using an instrument called laryngoscope. This procedure is performed under general anaesthesia. The instrument is passed through the mouth into the throat and fixed on the chest. The patient will be discharge the same day with pain medicines.

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Microlaryngeal Surgery with/without biopsy

This surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. A tube called laryngoscope in passed through the mouth and fixed on the chest. Instruments are passed via the tube in the mouth and the surgery is performed by microscopic visualization. The growth is usually sent for examination to determine the nature of the growth and to rule out cancer in aged patients.

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