This surgery involves removal of the glands in front of our neckcalled the thyroid gland.
Swelling of the thyroid glands may lead to various symptoms like change in the weight, change in appetite, change in voice, difficulty breathing, difficulty in eating etc. Whenever patients present with Thyroid swelling, the swelling is completely evaluated with ultrasound, thyroid blood tests and find needle aspiration cytology ( needle test where some sample is taken by inserting needle into the swelling). Some cases may require CT/MRI scans. The patient Id taken up for surgery based on all the above tests.Thyroid gland may be removed partially or completely depending on the disease.
The surgery is performed under local or general anaesthesia. A neck incision is made along the neck crease and the thyroid gland is removed. A drain is placed after the surgery in the neck to drain out the excess fluids and blood. The patient is expected to stay in hospital for two to three days. The suture are removed after 7 days.
Patient may sometimes require additional treatment like radiation therapy after surgery.
Newer methods of thyroidectomy involve Robotic surgery. This is usually chosen for cosmetic purpose as there will be no scar on the neck in this case. The thyroid gland is removed by making a small cut either in the arm pit or inside of the mouth. Blood loss is also minimal in this technique.